Southeast Asian Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences 2023-07-13T01:33:26+00:00 Dr. Honeylet J. Nicolas Open Journal Systems <p>Southeast Asian Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences (SAJAAS) is the official research journal of Bulacan Agricultural State College. It is an open access, international refereed journal that publishes results of research, development and extension projects/studies twice yearly, which are about or related to agriculture and allied sciences, including education, engineering and applied technology, environment, management, entrepreneurship, economics, and other natural, physical, and social sciences. It aims to promote the dissemination of RDE initiatives toward sustainable development in Southeast Asia, especially the Philippines. It is open for submission from authors all over the world, but will not commission third party work.</p> Perceived Effectiveness of BSWM’s Institutional Support to Pilot Small Water Irrigation System Associations (SWISAs) 2023-06-09T01:26:57+00:00 Estepanie A. Angel Dinah Marie C. Dayag <p>The objective of this study was to assess the perceived effectiveness of institutional support of the Bureau of Soils and Water Management (BSWM) to pilot Small Water Irrigation System Associations (SWISAs) in Luzon. SWISA is an association of organized farmer-beneficiaries of Small-Scale Irrigation Projects specifically for community-managed Small Water Impounding Project and Diversion Dam. Institutional support provided to SWISAs are facilitated by contracted CDOs assigned in regions. Correlational research design was used in the study. Of the 22 pilot SWISAs with 520 farmer members, 226 respondents were identified. The respondents were selected from the members of active pilot SWISAs with an operational irrigation system for at least three years. Based on the results of this study, as the level of participation of SWISA members in the organizational undertakings, operation and maintenance activities, and implementation of activity plans increases, the perception of effectiveness of BSWM’s institutional support to pilot SWISAs also increases. Moreover, as the level of understanding of CDOs of their roles in conducting organizational and monitoring activities, capacity enhancement, and coordinating activities increases, the perception on the effectiveness of the provided extension support also increases. Hence, generating the actual needs of farmers and the continuous strengthening of extension staff are necessary for the effective implementation of institutional program.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Southeast Asian Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences Exogenous Application of Paclobutrazol and Potassium Nitrate in Growth and Survival of Waterlogged Tomato 2023-06-09T01:53:56+00:00 James D. Letche <p>The general objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of exogenous application of PBZ and KNO<sub>3 </sub>in tomato subjected to different water regime. Specifically, it aimed to determine the response of tomato under different water regime as affected by application of PBZ and KNO<sub>3, </sub>and identify the optimum concentration of the two PGRs that will give highest survival of tomato in different water regime. Waterlogging caused reduction in %survival of tomato; however no further decreased from 24hrs to 48hrs waterlogging. This trend was similar to plant height, number of leaves, leaf dry weight, stem dry weight, plant dry weight, and days to flowering. In terms of PGRs, across WR, no significant effect was observed in chlorophyll content, stem dry weight, and root dry weight. Application of PBZ at any concentration caused reduction in plant height while increased leaf dry weight and plant dry weight was observed at 250 ppm. However, PBZ at 500 ppm decreased leaf dry weight. Increased plant dry weight and earlier days to flower was achieved by KNO<sub>3</sub> application. Combined application of 500 ppm PBZ and 8% KNO<sub>3</sub> decreased the survival rate and the number of adventitious roots and caused delay in initiation of adventitious roots and induction of flower. Exogenous application of PGRs at lower concentrations (4% KNO<sub>3</sub> + 500 ppm PBZ) showed positive results in the growth and survival of waterlogged tomato plants however, further study focused in timing of application and combination with other PGRs is also recommended.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Southeast Asian Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences Assessing Household’s Awareness, Attitude and Practices for Effective Implementation of Modified Waste Segregation Scheme in Selected Barangays of Baliwag, Bulacan 2023-06-09T02:07:20+00:00 Rhommelie SA. Matic Dinah Marie C. Dayag <p>The study aimed to assess the effectiveness on the implementation of modified waste segregation scheme in the pilot barangays of Baliwag, Bulacan such as Barangay Tangos, Pinagbarilan and Virgen delas Flores. Quantitative descriptive and correlational research designs were used in the study. The respondents were selected among the barangays with initial implementation of modified waste segregation scheme for at least two years. Based on the results of this study, the level of awareness, attitude and practices of the respondents and significantly affect the effectiveness on the implementation of the modified scheme for waste segregation. As the level of awareness, attitude and practices of household respondent’s increases, the perception on the effectiveness on the implementation of modified waste segregation also increases. Likewise, the more information drives and environmental activities conducted by the educators, the higher the level of awareness for effective implementation of modified waste segregation scheme are perceived by the respondents. Results also revealed that there was a significant difference and improvement of SWM practices of the waste segregation before and after implementation of the modified waste segregation scheme. This research has demonstrated that solid waste management awareness, attitude, and practices of households are closely linked, which suggests that one strategic approach to implement successfully a solid waste management program is education, adoption and good governance.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Southeast Asian Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences Utilization of Different Nutrient Infused Chick Gel Mixtures and Its Effect on Chick Quality and Harvest Performance 2023-06-20T02:07:36+00:00 Jonel P. Buenaventura <p>The study was conducted to determine the response of Cobb® Broiler to different mixture formulations of D-Glucose Monohydrate and multivitamins. Specifically, it determined the growth performance, mortality rate, chick quality, and harvest recovery of Cobb® broiler as affected by different mixtures of D-Glucose Monohydrate and different gel consistency (soft, medium and hard). The experiment used a total of 1,440 chicks from the hatchery following the 2 x 3 factorial in Completely Randomized Design. There were six treatment combinations, and each was replicated three times. Each replication had 80 Cobb® broiler chicks to ensure validity of data. The results of the study showed better chick quality (Pasgar) score for mixture 2 (with higher amount of D-glucose monohydrate) only on Day 0 (farm) immediately right after the transport and at day 4, but no significant differences at day 7. In terms of gel consumption rate, Mixture 2 also had significantly higher consumption than mixture 1, significantly. In terms of body weight, gain in weight, harvest recovery, and mortality rate there were also no significant differences among treatments with different nutrient mixtures and gel consistency.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Southeast Asian Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences English Spelling Ability Improvement through Pop Art and Drill 2023-07-13T01:32:24+00:00 Evelyn Alera Rica Jean Paraon Camille Vergara Michaela Adonis Maria Erhin Fernandez <p>This action research employed a sequential explanatory mixed-methods strategy to explore the influence of pop art and live spelling drill as learning interventions in the spelling ability of Grade 2 pupils in a single class of a public elementary school. This spelling ability is considered one of the least learned competencies of the pupils based on the diagnostic test and the teacher’s classroom-level English assessment. The respondents were grade 2 pupils who agreed to attend the face-to-face classes during the third and fourth quarters of the school year 2021-2022 wherein the parents, through the mandate of the Department of Education had the option to send their children to school and attend onsite classes. A validated, researcher-made pop-up book was utilized as a learning material partnered with a live spelling drill was concurrently used to enhance the spelling ability of the participants. The pop-up books were distributed to the participants’ parents and taught to them by the parents themselves as supplementary materials. It was revealed in the pre and post-tests that the average scores of the participants exhibited a significant difference. The mean score in the written spelling activity in the post-test is higher (M=6.00, SD=1.10) than in the pre-test (M=2.05, SD=1.29) t(19) = -14.83 (p=0.001). This finding was further strengthened by the feedback obtained from the parents of the pupils who were interviewed after the intervention implementation. Among the themes of the intervention include the increased interest of the pupils in the spelling practice at home, increased vocabulary, and enjoyment of using the pop art materials.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Southeast Asian Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences Determinants of Loan Application and Level of Satisfaction of Farmer-Borrowers of Different Lending Institutions in the Fourth District of Nueva Ecija 2023-07-13T01:33:26+00:00 Emmanuel Nieto Imelda Navarro Dinah Marie Dayag <p>This study aimed to identify the determinants of loan application of farmers and their satisfaction level on the different lending institutions in fourth District of Nueva Ecija. Out of eight Municipality, seven Municipality were included in the farmers interview, from 736 total population, 259 respondents were selected using slovins formula. Respondents was come from three lending institution namely; Land Bank of the Philippines, Rural Bank of San Leonardo, and Tulay sa Pag-unlad Inc. The respondents were selected based on their socio demographic characteristics that would fall on the interest of the study, farmer respondents were identified based the data from the Office of the Municipal Agriculturist of the Fourth District of Nueva Ecija. Socio-demographic characteristics of the farmer respondents were significant to their level of satisfaction, wherein demographic characteristics affects the decision of the borrower in availing for loan. The better the demographic characteristics of the borrower the more satisfied they are on the loan programs offered by their respective lending institution in addition the more acceptable the determinants the higher the satisfaction of the borrower. Relationship of determinants and levels of satisfaction shows that, there is significant relationship between loan determinants and level of satisfaction. There is strong positive correlation between the two variables wherein the loan determinants were more acceptable, the level of satisfaction increases. Likewise, the higher the acceptance of determinants of loan application the higher the levels of satisfaction of the respondents.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Southeast Asian Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences